Leucothea – Pale faced Goddess

 

minerva

Daughter of ægis-bearing Jove, divine,
Propitious to thy vot’ries prayer incline;
From thy great father’s fount supremely bright,
Like fire resounding, leaping into light.
Shield-bearing goddess, hear, to whom belong   5
A manly mind, and power to tame the strong!
Oh, sprung from matchless might, with joyful mind
Accept this hymn; benevolent and kind!
The holy gates of wisdom by thy hand
Are wide unfolded; and the daring band  10
Of earth-born giants, that in impious fight
Strove with thy fire, were vanquish’d by thy might.
Once by thy care, as sacred poets sing,
The heart of Bacchus, swiftly-slaughter’d king,
Was sav’d in æther, when, with fury fir’d,  15
The Titans fell against his life conspir’d;
And with relentless rage and thirst for gore,
Their hands his members into fragments tore:
But ever watchful of thy father’s will,
Thy pow’r preserv’d him from succeeding ill,  20
Till from the secret counsels of his sire,
And born from Semele through heav’nly fire,
Great Dionysius to the world at length
Again appear’d with renovated strength.
Once, too, thy warlike axe, with matchless sway,  25
Lopp’d from their savage neck the heads away
Of furious beasts, and thus the pests destroy’d
Which long all-seeing Hecate annoy’d.
By thee benevolent great Juno’s might
Was rous’d, to furnish mortals with delight:  30
And through life’s wide and various range ’tis thine
Each part to beautify with arts divine:
Invigorated hence by thee, we find
A demiurgic impulse in the mind.
Towers proudly rais’d, and for protection strong,  35
To thee, dread guardian, deity belong,
As proper symbols of th’ exalted height
Thy series claims amidst the courts of light.
Lands are belov’d by thee to learning prone,
And Athens, O Athena, is thy own!  40
Great goddess, hear! and on my dark’ned mind
Pour thy pure light in measure unconfin’d;—
That sacred light, O all-protecting queen,
Which beams eternal from thy face serene:
My soul, while wand’ring on the earth, inspire   45
With thy own blessed and impulsive fire;
And from thy fables, mystic and divine,
Give all her powers with holy light to shine.
Give love, give wisdom, and a power to love,
Incessant tending to the realms above;  50
Such as, unconscious of base earth’s control,
Gently attracts the vice-subduing soul;
From night’s dark region aids her to retire,
And once more gain the palace of her sire:
And if on me some just misfortune press,  55
Remove th’ affliction, and thy suppliant bless.
All-saving goddess, to my prayer incline!
Nor let those horrid punishments be mine
Which guilty souls in Tartarus confine,
With fetters fast’ned to its brazen floors,  60
And lock’d by hell’s tremendous iron doors.
Hear me, and save (for power is all thy own)
A soul desirous to be thine alone.

proclus

“The celestial character of Diana is reflected in Her connection with light, inaccessibility, virginity, and her preference for dwelling on high mountains and in sacred woods. Diana therefore reflects the heavenly world (diuum means sky or open air) in its sovereignty, supremacy, impassibility, and indifference towards such secular matters as the fates of mortals and states. At the same time, however, She is seen as active in ensuring the succession of kings and in the preservation of humankind through the protection of childbirth.

 

These functiondeusa Minerva.psds are apparent in the traditional institutions and cults related to the Goddess [especially of Hearth, Homeland and People]

 

The institution of the Rex Nemorensis where Diana’s sacerdos (priest) from within the Arician wood held the position till someone else challenged and killed him in a duel, but only after breaking a branch from a certain tree of the wood, [was deemed to be in Her honour and duty bound under Her aegis]. This ever open succession reveals the character and mission of the goddess as a guarantor of kingly status through successive generations.

 

According to Dumezil the forerunner of all frame gods is an Indian epic hero who was the image (avatar) of the Vedic god Dyaus. Having renounced the world, in his roles of father and king, he attained the status of an immortal being while retaining the duty of ensuring that his dynasty is preserved and that there is always a new king for each generation. This regality is also linked to the cult of trees, particularly oaks. In this interpretative schema, the institution of the Rex Nemorensis and related ritual should be seen as related to the theme of the dying god and the kings of May

 

According to Françoise Hélène Pairault’s study,

historical and archaeological evidence minerva-gustav-klimt
point to the fact that both Diana of the Aventine and Diana Nemorensis were the product of the direct or indirect influence of the cult of Artemis spread among the Greek towns of Campania Cuma and Capua, which in turn passed it over to the Etruscans and the Latins by the 6th and 5th centuries BC.

According to legend, Orestes founded Nemi together with Iphigenia. Hesiod and Stesichorus tell the story according to which after her death Iphigenia was divinised under the name of Hecate, a fact  supporting the assumption that Artemis Tauropolos had a real ancient alliance with the heroine, who was Her priestess in Taurid and Her human paragon.

This religious complex is in turn supported by a triple statue of Artemis-Hecate depicted upon a coin minted by P. Accoleius Lariscolus in 43 BC acknowledged as representing the archaic statue of Diana Nemorensis. It represents Artemis with the bow at one extremity, Luna-Selene [whom She subsumed]with flowers at the other and a central deity not immediately identifiable, all united by a horizontal bar.

 

Diana was worshipped at a festival on August 13, when King Servius Tullius, himself born a slave, dedicated her temple on the Aventine Hill in the mid-6th century BC. Being plMinervaOnyxLouvreMa2225aced on the Aventine, and thus outside the pomerium meant that Diana’s cult essentially remained a foreign one, like that of Bacchus; she was never officially transferred to Rome as Juno was after the sack of Veii. It seems that Her cult originated in Aricia where Her priest, the Rex Nemorensis remained.

 

The iconographical analysis allows the dating of this image to the 6th century at which time there are Etruscan models. Two heads found in the sanctuary and the Roman theatre at Nemi  have a hollow at the back, lending support to this interpretation of an archaic Diana Trivia, in whom three different elements are associated.

 

[Curiously,]the Scandinavian [deity, assumed as male, though given no gender in the Eddas and other literature] Heimdallr performs an analogous function being first born and last to  die. This figure also gives origin to kingship and the first king, bestowing on him regal prerogatives. Diana, although a female deity, has exactly the same functions, of preserving mankind through childbirth and royal succession.

Saenredam-Minerva
all images are from wiki commons and the text is quoted directly from wiki except for square bracketed /
parentheses

Advertisements

~ by meanderingsofthemuse on June 28, 2014.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
Picnic in Akeldama

Cooking... And something like cooking...

Tales From The Under Gardener's Lodge

Home, hearth and life immeasurable

Of Axe and Plough

Musings from a Germanic polytheistic Pagan with Roman inclinations

My search for magic

Looking for magic in the modern world

INADVERTENT SPLOSHING -It Happens. Recipe twists & experiments!

Sploshing Happens. Recipe twists and experiments!

Man of Goda

People of Goda, Clan of Tubal Cain

Cymraes's Corner

~ weird and wonderful blogging from the Welsh Marches ~

The Elder Tree

Life as a Witch.

Sorcerous Transmutations

Meanderings of the Muse:honouring the sacred muse in word and vision

Across the Abyss

Meanderings of the Muse:honouring the sacred muse in word and vision

Clan of the Entangled Thicket 1734

Meanderings of the Muse:honouring the sacred muse in word and vision

Chattering Magpie - Summoner of the Hearth

Meanderings of the Muse:honouring the sacred muse in word and vision

the cunning man

Meanderings of the Muse:honouring the sacred muse in word and vision

The Cunning Apostle

Cunning Man, Mystic, Eccentric & Outcast

Wyrd Jack Ord

A Wanderer

%d bloggers like this: